We have conducted a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of our active containers, to compare with passive containers. The containers that have been included in the analysis are the Envirotainer RAPe2 and RKNe1. The competitor containers consist of a passive parcel container and two different passive pallet-in-pallet containers, all with Phase Change Material (PCM).
Based on the Life Cycle Analysis it is evident that the majority of the CO2e impact comes from the usage phase of the container, e.g. when it is flying on an aircraft. The single largest impact comes from the transportation of medical products, amounting to about 50% of the total CO2 emissions in all the analyzed containers. Containers that are used more than one time may need to be repositioned, either by air, road or by ocean. The return transport consists of repositions made by customer and repositions that are handled by the supplier (Envirotainer). The total emissions of the repositions are about 40-50% depending on transport solution.
The result of the LCA shows that the containers from Envirotainer have low CO2e impact per cubic meter of medical product compared to other solutions. The major reason for this is the ability to ship goods more effectively in an Envirotainer container, which has the benefit of large internal volume versus external volume, especially in the largest containers RAP e2.
Furthermore, the Envirotainer containers enables a more efficient utilization of the aircraft cargo space, as they are Unit Load Devices (ULD) which means they are adapted to the inner shape of the aircraft. Being ULDs, Envirotainer’s containers can be repositioned in an efficient way, using otherwise unused cargo space – so-called courtesy repositioning – in partnership with the airlines.
In terms of the reusable containers, the remaining impact categories have minor effect on the total CO2e. Regarding the single use pallet in pallet and Parcel 60l the manufacturing and waste stands for about 10-15%. The waste category includes disposal of medical products due to temperature control failure; this is assumed to be 5% for the Parcel 60l container.